Beer is one of the oldest drinks in the world. According to the existing literature, the origins of beer can be traced back to 9,000 years ago, the earliest emergence of beer in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia region. Beer brewing and stipulation in "Ning Kasi hymn", "Hammurabi Code" already documented. Archaeological discoveries in Ancient Egypt, the pyramid built with beer, when the beer consumption is already large, later Tolemy daughter Cleibatelli first proposed to levy a beer tax to build the pyramid, for this birth the world's earliest beverage tax.
In the year of the year, the legend of beer is still in the continuation of history-
1516: Enactment of the German beer Pure brewing decree
1516, William IV, the Principality of Bavaria, promulgated the "German Beer Pure Brewing Decree" (Reinheitsgebot), according to the regulations, beer brewing raw materials only allowed malt, hops, malt, water and yeast.
1524: Hops from Holland to England
Elizabeth I, the most famous queen in British history, was the rule of her torn Britain into a world power. The Queen had never found a Wang Fu, but loved the Beer (ale) alone. However, earlier Al was not the ale of hops. Hops were introduced into England by Holland in 1524. Elizabeth I was in love with the hops after the brewing of the "Alpha Beer (ALE)."
1664: Monastery beer emergence
Ad 1664, La Trappe Monastery in France relaxed the precepts of monks in practice, allowed to drink beer on fasting day instead of food to appease hunger, but beer must be handmade by the monks in the monastery themselves. After that, the regulation spread across Europe, and many monasteries began to emulate their own beer, and the fame of the monastery spread throughout Europe.
1839: Beer revolution
1839 living in the small town of Bavaria Billson (Pilsen, is now Czech) residents because of the bleak, muddy, taste unstable beer status quo unbearable, so fund-raising to build up their own refined brew factory "citizen sperm brewing factory." The new winery adopts advanced lower-layer fermentation method from German Bavaria, so that the clarity, aroma and freshness of beer are greatly promoted.
1842: The first refined brew movement
The first barrel of Plzen beer (Pilsner) was born in 1842, and the Plzen beer brewed by the fermentation of the cellar (Pilsner) was a sensation once it was unveiled. With the arrival of the railways and the industrialized era, this Plzen beer (Pilsner) and the Peel-Sen Brewing act quickly spread throughout Central Europe. The process of Laag beer (Lager) meets the requirements of industrialized production. But this first time the "sperm-brewing movement" can be said to be the negation of the tradition.
1971: European CAMRA established
With the vicissitudes of the times, people began to tire of the stereotyped industrial Laag beer (Lager), beginning to miss the original muddy, complex taste of traditional beer (ale). So the big flag of nostalgia, the European fine brewing Movement pioneer in 1971 set up CAMRA. They carried out "real ale" (real wheat) campaigns to promote traditional non-pressure-sterilized beer without pasteurization. This is the second refined brewing movement, also represents a comprehensive recovery of traditional beer.
1972: American Hops were born
The American hops spent 40 years, completing the substitution of Europe hops, forming a unique style, and finally reaching the world's leading process. When the first American hops in 1972 were born, the United States created its own unique hop style. The Cathcart listed 1972 was the first American hop species to be promulgated by the USDA.
1975: American Fine Brew beer movement
In the same period as the European sperm-brewing movement, the United States also launched a brewing beer campaign. 1975, San Francisco's anchor (Liga) Winery owner in the visit to Europe after the a strong Pale ale formula, but the American malt and continental malt in the flavor has a distinct difference, so on the American continent is absolutely impossible to make the kind of English flavor. But thus also born the first bottle of American refined Beer Liberty Ale, the beer to some extent defined and shaped the American refined beer movement.
1977: The emergence of the dry hop technology
Liberty Ale is the most important contribution to the American refined beer, and is actually the idea and technology of Dry Hops (dry cast). This technology highlights the advantages of American hops. 1977, the beer master Michael Jackson in his first beer book "The word Giude to Beer" (The World Beer Guide) mentioned Anchor Liberty Ale, called it the first bottle of modern beer in the United States, which undoubtedly became the ancestor of American IPA (American-Indian-colored ale).